On January 12th, 2010, Haiti was hit with a 7.0 magnitude earthquake causing devastating damage and loss of life to the population. Some Haitians could survive by using their knowledge of the Haitian system to find neighbors in need and share their supplies with them. The majority of the country’s infrastructure was destroyed, including schools that housed over 100,000 students. A flood of support from around the world has been sent to Haiti to respond to this tragedy. This is part of the relief efforts for Haitians coping with this time of crisis. However, some people are questioning why the Haitian government cannot soothe the suffering of its people and why specific charities and organizations seem to have more control over this tragedy than Haitians themselves.
Haiti’s self-sufficiency in goods and services has declined due to the influx of foreign assistance. “… their government was spending more than $1 billion a year to import food that could be grown in Haiti itself”, says Brian Concannon Jr., director for Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti. “So you’ve got one agency of the government acting as an importer, another acting as an exporter, and none of them benefiting the Haitian people.
How Long Did The Haiti Earthquake Last
The ongoing debate over the earthquake in Haiti is where the people should place their trust. The debate can be defined as the people questioning whether they should keep their faith in their government or foreign aid groups that supply them with aide following the disaster. In many aspects of Haitian society, it would seem logical to continue trusting their government.
The people do not have complete faith in their government because they believe their foundation is built on corruption and theft.
The foreign aid workers have created a system that supplies food and shelter without considering whether these relief goods are sustainable. This has caused a dependency on foreign goods, which harms Haiti’s long-term recovery.
What Caused Haiti Earthquake
The argument over Haiti’s earthquake was that foreign aid had made Haiti dependent on foreign goods. Before this disaster, Haiti was already struggling to become self-sufficient and relied heavily on foreign aid. Following the earthquake, this heavy reliance on foreign aid has helped bring about a situation where Haitians now depend on foreign goods and services. This dependency has aided in creating an enormous waste problem in these devastated areas because the relief groups are trying to find some way to get rid of all of these donated items that they do not want or need. These organizations have been sending approximately 25 tons of garbage per day back to their own countries.
Before the earthquake, there were many social problems already present in Haitian society.
How Many People Died in The Haiti Earthquake
There is no specific number of the deceased in the Haiti earthquake. Before the earthquake, 90% of the population survived on less than $1 a day. Considering that most of these people existed on extremely limited food supplies and mainly relied on emergency aid from international organizations and charities, it does not seem possible for them to have that many deaths before this disaster.
Many Haitians would not even consider themselves as part of the “dead” following this tragedy. In Haiti today, most people survive on less than $2 a day and do not depend upon international charity groups for food or necessities due to their extreme poverty conditions. Most Haitians have never even owned or used a toothbrush, so it would not make sense to them that millions of dollars worth of toothbrushes were being sent into the country as part of relief efforts. These people are worried about getting enough food to eat and having a roof over their heads; they are not worried about the bare necessities in life.
Why Did Haiti Earthquake Happen
The earthquake in Haiti was caused by fault lines in the region along the island‘s subduction zone. This system is made up of heavy volcanic rock sitting under another rock layer called a mantle wedge. The weight of all the rock on top is pushing down the top layer.