Robots is a science whereby machines are controlled by computers in order to achieve tasks that are difficult or impossible for humans to accomplish. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science and aerospace engineering. The word robotics was first used in the 1930s and is derived from the Czech word robota meaning “drudgery” or “servitude”.
A robot’s capabilities are typically divided into the following areas: perception, processing, planning, simulation and actuation.
Robots are machines that can sense and adapt to their surroundings, adapt to their environment, and think and make decisions. They use sensors (such as vision, sound, and other kinds of sensory input) in order to receive information about the environment they are in. They process this information by using a computer in order to interpret it through programming. These robots will then make inferences based on these interpretations in order to make decisions.
The primary functions for robot include service-oriented roles such as cleaning floors or offices or performing odd jobs such as packaging or assembling products. Robot can also be built for war such as tanks or drones.
Types of Robots
There are several different types of robots. The kind of robot is determined by the different characteristics or ‘behaviours’ that they have. These behaviours are called ‘affordances’.
Some common types of robots include:
Are used in heavy industries such as mining, pollution control and manufacturing. This category includes both automatic guided vehicles (AGVs) and semi-automatic guided vehicles (SGVs). These are controlled by computers for extremely precise movement and tasks. AGVs can travel on a programmed path, while SGVs can be manually controlled and often have a video camera onboard to see where they are going.
These are robots whose bodies can move and whose tasks expand or contract from place to place. Mobile robots can be used in different industries such as environments that have limited space, or where extra mobility is required. Mobile robots are also used by security guards, firefighters, and military personnel.
Autonomous mobile robots: These are robots that can move as they see fit without a human operator. They use sensors to detect any obstacles in their way and navigate around them through programming and algorithms. Autonomous mobile robots may patrol areas to check for intruders or perform security tasks such as patrolling a facility looking for tampering or theft of property.
Service robots are also called service and maintenance robots. These are machines that have lots of sensors and cameras and other technology to keep an environment clean. They can be used in places where a lot of things are being cleaned, for example, hospitals or schools.
Robots are used by engineers as tools that allow engineers to predict how their projects will work before they are even built. Examples include robot arms that can be programmed to operate tools in manufacturing or any other part of a complex machine process.
These types of robots can help disabled people live more independent lives by performing tasks like opening doors, turning on lights, or monitoring health conditions such as blood pressure or breathing rate.
Uses of Robots
The uses of robots are quite diverse and range from professional, private, industrial and military use. Some usages include:
In the private sector, robots are being used for home automation, healthcare monitoring or provide companionship to the elderly. Some robots are intended to be “autonomous” with a human-like ability to sense environmental changes and react to them. Some of the most successful robotic hands have been developed by researchers at Japan’s National Institute (AIST). They can now manipulate objects more than twice their weight, with greater precision and speed than human graspers.
Professional or industrial robots are widely used in industries such as automobile manufacturing, electrical and electronics, food processing, welding and machine tooling where they perform tasks that are dangerous or undesirable for human workers. Industrial robot employed overseas in bomb disposal.
It is believed that the first military robot was a landmine detector built in Russia during World War II to help Red Army soldiers avoid dangerous areas. The military is also developing unmanned vehicles for intelligence collection and reconnaissance missions. For example, the UAV Predator conducted an airstrike against al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in Pakistan on May 1, 2011.
The International Space Station (ISS) is composed of hundreds of robot integrated into the space station’s infrastructure. It’s estimated that there are over 7,000 robots currently in the ISS and most are doing different tasks. These include delivering materials, cleaning equipment and other aid to crew members, maintaining space station systems, and completing experiments.
Whales were used during World War II to detect mines from the air. Since then many military robot developed for roles such as battlefield reconnaissance or bomb disposal
The military also uses robot to simulate combat scenarios and train people on how to defend against them. These roles are not restricted to the battlefield, with firefighting robots one of the most recent applications of robotics in the military.